After World War II the Federal government continued to affect the welfare and economic conditions of America's workforce. Average hourly earnings more than doubled, even though hours worked per week declined. Congress then passed the Employment act in 1946, which committed the government to take all measures to promote employment, production, and purchasing power. In 1949 child labor was prohibited. In postwar, consumer goods which were not available during the war became in big demand. People who worked during the war and at overtime rates had more money to spend. Demand for cars was high, and housing construction boomed.
The Cold War is the expression used to depict the apprehensive association between post World War II East and West. The United States and Western Europe stood on the standard of opposing the communism that subjugated Russia and Eastern Europe. Russia was over-powering smaller eastern European countries with vigor and did not want the United States to defy this movement into Europe.
The two superpowers quickly abandoned the appearance of being allies, with Western Europe aligning with the United States and Eastern Europe aligning with Russia. During WW II, Germany disobeyed a cease-fire agreement with the Soviets. The Soviets were quick to respond by joining the Western Allies (France, Great Britain, and later the United States). It appeared that a trust could be formed between the U. S. and the Soviets with their wartime cooperation but this would deteriorate quickly. In the final days of the war in 1945, Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met in the USSR. This meeting was to discuss post war affairs which included the strategy to form the United Nations. A few short days before the end of the war USSR declared war on Japan and in turn they were allowed to occupy and control...