For centuries a battle has been waged between religious theologians/organizations and scientists to answer the question, does religion have a place in science? Human genetic cloning is a very controversial topic and one that can not find resolve until a consistent continuum between the disciplines has been reached. Religious organizations believe that cloning is not a justified means to an end and scientists believe that natural evolution of science encompasses the cloning technology.
Cloning can be seen as a reproductive alternative. A human cell from an adult or a child is obtained and harvested. Every cell in the body contains all the genetic information of that person for example their hair colour or blood type. When the extracted viable cell has grown to a certain size it is ready for implantation. Fertilization is not needed, for the cell already contains two sets of chromosomes. This cell is then implanted into the uterus of a woman and the child is carried to term and born as any other child.
When the child who is born by the cloning technique ages, they will have the same phenotype as the original donor.
There are many controversial issues regarding human cloning and this controversy increases when religion is included in the discussion. Using Orthodox Christianity, in this paper I will show that due to the nature of our consumerist society, human genetic cloning will result in the commodification of the cloned products, the children. First, I will explore the question of ownership of our genes and of the cloned genome itself. Secondly, I will present the issue of who (married, single men or women or government agencies) will be able to gain access to this cloning technology. Thirdly, I will discuss the fear of unjustly exploiting cloned beings as a means to an end.