4a. Lenin adapted Marxism to conditions in Russia because the country was in a state that wouldn't have been ideal for Marx's concepts. Marx had predicted that the unhappy working class would overthrow the capitalist government, as they were the getting shorthanded. However, this wasn't the case in Russia, as Russia lacked a large urban proletariat. So Lenin set up his own carefully constructed group, called the Bolsheviks, or the majority to start the revolution.
4b. Lenin was able to overthrow the provisional government in November 1917 in a matter of a days because that government no longer had the support of the people. Lenin promised peace, land and bread. He had the support of the population and the military.
5. The Bolsheviks faced several problems. For the first three years civil raged in Russia between the Bolsheviks and people still loyal to the czar. One of Lenin's first moves was to get out of World War One.
Unfortunately, this resulted in Russia losing an enormous portion of its population and its most resourceful land.
1a. USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; established under communist Russia. They incorporated just about all of the old Russian Empire. It was a multi national state consisting of many Asian and European countries.
1b. NEP: New Economic Plan; granted some capitalist ventures, previously illegal in a communist state. This meant that small business were able to make private profit which better the economy as a whole. It also granted peasants small parcels of land and allowed them to sell their extra crops.
1c. Great Purge: Reign of Terror; Stalin and his secret police starting arresting and killing anyone from old party activists, army heroes, industrial managers, writers to regular people. He held public trials in which severely tortured communist leaders confessed to...