Psychology is a huge science area with many variations on approach. Over many years Psychologists such as Freud, Skinner, Rogers and Watson, just to name a few, have contributed, providing us with invaluable tools to evaluate and treat mental illness, understand and treat phobias and indeed provide us with a window into the unconscious mind.
In particular, two areas of study have intrigued me, so I believe it would be useful to compare and contrast these two very different approaches. Not only will I compare the methods of research used but also will note any similarities or differences they may have and indeed the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. My chosen approaches to evaluate are Behaviourist V Psychoanalytic.
In 1913 John Watson published ' Psychology as the behaviourist view it', in it he outlined his new ideas. These ideas were considered 'new' because Watson disagreed with Freud's view of human behaviour; he dismissed it as ' philosophical to the point of mysticism' (Watson 1913, citied by Christopher D.
Green, York University). Watson also dismissed heredity as an important factor in human behaviour shaping. Watson stated that 'The traditional methods of animal psychology are indeed the true method of scientific psychology'. (Watson 1913, citied by Christopher D. Green, York University). In this article Watson said
' The time seems to have come when psychology must discard all reference to consciousness; when it need no longer delude itself into thinking that it is making mental states the object of observation ' ('Psychology as the behaviourist views it' John Watson, Psychological review, 1913}. By saying this Watson meant that Freud and other Psychoanalysts could not prove their theories and therefore were not scientific. Also they studied abnormal patients (mental patients) so therefore they could not have a true picture. This...