Levels of Hierarchy
Company K in its global context has five levels of management. Company K is a large organization with over 70 area offices. It is Mr. Tanaka's dream to build the world's highest elevating systems through modern technology. In theory, an organization with rigid rules, high formalization and different levels of management, narrow span of control, high centralization, and specialized division of labor is most likely a tall, mechanistic and bureaucratic organization. Subsequently organizational chart or internal structure of the Company K's hierarchy of authority consists of Toronto Area Office and Vancouver Area Office at the lower level who reports to General Manager (supported by the Field Operations Manager), who reports to Canadian Operation's Vice President. In the Finance and Administration Lily is the Administrative Assistant. As the hierarchy of authority continues the Vice President reports to North American Regional Office in USA (supported by The Regional Office Support which looks after production, engineering, marketing and human resources), who reports to Global Headquarters based in Japan.
Revealing rigidity in its policies and structure, all the tasks, responsibilities, authorities, and defined rules are allocated within the organizational members. For instance, at the Global Operations Centre, a Rules Manual was issued including instructions on how to fill in color-coded company forms and a step-by-step procedure on how to sew a logo patch on a mechanic's uniform. While its Canadian component has three levels of hierarchy, it is more flexible and flat in its structure. Especially in Vancouver Office Area, no job descriptions were provided, and reporting functions were unclear. For instance, the superintendent in Vancouver Office Area reported to Dylan (Area Manager) but he co-coordinated directly with the Regional Office on construction details. No rigid rules were imposed on to subordinates that they should report to someone above...