Complete Analysis of Tourette's Syndrome, a genetic disease

Essay by cyraxm1High School, 10th gradeA+, December 2003

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Have you ever heard or seen a person scream out or jerk at random? These people could have a disorder called Tourette's Syndrome. This disorder is named after Georges Gilles de la Tourette, in 1857. Tourette was a neuropsychiatrist who was amazed by Sister Jeanne des Anges's illness when she was thrashing out at her friends, relatives, and random people and screaming out of the ordinary. Tourette and a colleague wrote an analysis about this certain disease, and found no records of any type of illness. He then named this illness after himself, after deciding it was the first recorded case. This disease doesn't necessarily physically or mentally impair the person who is diagnosed, but it just may cause excess embarrassment or any accidents that were not wished for.

Tourette's syndrome is typically found in any person mostly under the age of 18. This illness targets 3 to 4 times the amount of men than it does to women.

It is caused by a nervous disorder that sends signals to the brain involuntarily. Even though, you may not want to do a certain thing, sometimes it may happen. Screaming out is the most common symtpon of Tourette's, followed my involuntary movements. All of these involuntary actions are known as TICS. About 3 out of every 100,000 children may be diagnosed.

Although the basic cause of Tourette's is unknown, evidence from genetic studies suggests that most cases of it are inherited. Research suggests that there is an abnormality in the genes affecting the brain's metabolism of neurotransmitters called dopamine, serotonin and nor epinephrine. Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that carry signals from one nerve cell to another. A person with Tourette's has about a 50:50 chance of passing on the genes to one of his or her offspring.