Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is also known as Enterprise Asset Management.
A CMMS software package maintains a computer database of information about an organization's maintenance operations. This information is intended to help maintenance workers do their jobs more effective. For example, determining which storerooms contain the spare parts they need and to help management make informed decisions. CMMS can also be used to calculate the cost of maintenance for each piece of equipment used by the organization, possibly leading to better allocation of resources. The information may also be useful when dealing with third parties; for example, an organization is involved in a liability case, the data in a CMMS database can serve as evidence that proper safety maintenance has been performed.
CMMS packages may be used by any organization that must perform maintenance on equipment and property. Some CMMS products focus on particular industry sectors like the maintenance of vehicle fleets or health care facilities.
Other products aim to be more general.
CMMS packages offer a wide range of capabilities. A typical package deals with some or all of the following:
* Work orders: Scheduling jobs, assigning personnel, reserving materials, recording costs, and tracking relevant information such as the cause of the problem, downtime involved, and recommendations for future action.
* Preventive maintenance (PM): Keeping track of PM inspections and jobs, including step-by-step instructions or check-lists, lists of materials required, and other pertinent details. Typically, the CMMS schedules PM jobs automatically based on schedules or meter readings. Different software packages use different techniques for reporting when a job should be performed.
* Asset management: Recording data about equipment and property including specifications, warranty information, service contracts, spare parts, purchase date, expected lifetime, and anything else that might be of help to management or maintenance workers.