Describe the conditions which led to the establishment of the Nazi regime in Germany in 1933 and to the Communist regime in Cuba in 1959
The rise of the Nazi party under Hitler in Germany in 1933 as well as the takeover of the Cuban state by Castro's revolutionary troops in 1959 carried along a revolution. The two regimes both deeply transformed the society of their respective countries, in political, social and economic respects. However, other countries did not experience social revolutions of the same extent or they did not experience any social revolutions at all and remained the same throughout the 20th century. Indeed the peculiar historical conditions of Germany and Cuba owed a lot to the establishment of the Nazi regime in Germany and the Communist regime in Cuba. The objective of this essay is to compare and contrast the conditions in which these two regimes were born.
Both in Germany and in Cuba, the weakness of the preceding governments was essential to the coming to power of Hitler and Castro. In the eyes of the people, both governments were illegitimate and had functional problems. But whereas Germany's functional problems mainly resulted of her weak constitution and the divided character of her parties, Cuba's policy was faced with corruption.
The SPD-led government in Germany lacked credibility in the eyes of the people right from the start. The "Stab in the back myth", created by army generals portrayed the democrats as betrayers of the people who have signed the humilating peace Treaty of Versailles. One consequence of this was the assassination of Germany's foreign minister, Rathenau, in 1922, for his part in signing the treaty.
Moreover, the Weimar Republic was crippled in its constitution. Proportional representation meant that no party ever held the majority of all seats in...