Corporate citizenship is based on the premise that businesses will act
responsibly towards society, thus proving to be socially responsible.
This essay will look at the three theories of citizenship.
Risk in society is viewed by three main approaches, human behaviour
approach, techno-scientific approach and sociocultural approach.
Each of these approaches puts yet another spin on the definition of
risk and how it affects our population. This essay will look at risk
from the 'world risk society' point of view.
It will endeavour to explain Beck's theory of the 'risk society' and
discuss how his theory might be applied as a useful framework for
examining the level of corporate citizenship in organisations.
It will also include a look at how other theorists define risk. In
conclusion it will evaluate and comment on the usefulness of Beck's
A citizen is a member of a modern political community (i.e.
nation-state) who posesses formally defined rights and responsibilities
by virute of membership to that nation, typically including the right to
be involved in selecting governments (Bessant & Watts, 1999).
Corporate citizenship is therefore corporations which have rights and
responsibilites of their own, as well as obligations to their community.
Corporate citizenship is based on three theories; minimalist,
communitarian and universal rights. We will look briefly at what each
Minimalist is where citizens strive towards their own goals with very
little interference. They realise there are rules which regulate their
behaviour and are able to function individually.
Communitarian is where the communitys' well being outweighs the
individuals rights. Everyone works towards reaching the community
goals rather than focusing on personal goals.
Universal rights is where everyone pursues their own goals and
interests but makes sure to consider others rights. Being aware...