This paper will focus on design issues relative to including women in boot camps and is not intended as a research report of boot camp programs for women. Excellent studies are available from several sources, most recently in Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate Sanction, edited by Dr. Doris Laton MacKenzie and Eugene E. Hebert (NIJ, 1996). One of the studies included in that National Institute of Justice Research Report, is "Boot Camps as an Alternative for Women" In March of 1992, Dr. MacKenzie headed a research team of four women who examined the involvement of women in boot camps. They conducted a survey of boot camp programs in the country and found that at that time, 13 of 25 states included women in boot camp programs. Seven of the programs they found combined men and women in the same program, six had either separate or semi-separate programs for women.
Their research addressed several issues important for anyone operating or planning to operate a boot camp for women:
*Do women offenders have an equal opportunity to enter and remain in the boot camps?
*Do the camps address the needs of women offenders?
*Are boot camps potentially harmful for these offenders?
*What are the potential advantages for women?
*Are there alternative correctioal programs that would be more appropriate?
These issues are important considerations for those operating or planning to implement a boot cap program for women. The report is available from NIJ in Washington, DC. In the same NIJ Report, Carole Sanchez Knapel discusses the "Santa Clara County PRIDE Program: A Local Boot Camp" which examines the purpose, methods and preliminary findings of a jail boot camp program for women in California. The Federal Bureau of Prisons also operates one of the larger boot camp program for women at...