Correctional Theories and Suggestions

Essay by corpwhitsonCollege, UndergraduateA, December 2006

download word file, 4 pages 5.0


I. Theories

a. Reformatory & Parole

b. Industrial

c. Rehabilitation

d. Work Release

e. Justice Model

II. Punishment

III. Rehabilitation

IV. Non-traditional Approach

a. Boot Camps

b. Taking drivers license away

V. Statistics

a. Parole

b. Repeat Offenders

VI. Conclusion

a. Save Money

b. Reduce Overcrowding

c. Punishment

In today's prison system there are still some theories of corrections used today. The reformatory and parole was adopted in 1870 by the National Prison Association which was a 37- paragraph Declaration of Principle. This required inmates to go to school, and trade training. Although it was not a success, it remains important in today's prisons (Schmalleger, 2005).

Another era was the industrial prison, which is still used in today's prison. Most prison systems manufacture good that are used exclusively by the prison itself, state agencies, or what the state can legitimately sell on the open market (Schmalleger, 2005). According to Schmalleger,

"in 1981, under the Prison Rehabilitative Industries and Diversified

Enterprise, Inc.

(PRIDE Act), Florida became the first state to

Experiment with the wholesale transfer of its correctional industry

program from public to private control" (p. 548).

Rehabilitation programs have survived and are constantly growing in today's prison system. The National Prison Project of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) supported inmates to refuse treatment. Although it was more an ideal than reality, rehabilitation programs are still used to help inmates with medical services, psychology and behavior modifications (Schmalleger, 2005).

Work-release programs are used in almost all states today. When inmates are reaching the end of their sentence, they go through a pre-release guidance center to help them get jobs and learn how to survive in the "free" world. Halfway houses are also still used to give newly released inmates counseling, and a place to stay that can monitor them...