Court cases that deal with the 14th amendment

Essay by VkaszaCollege, UndergraduateA+, February 2005

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Katz v. United States

Argued-1967, Decided-1967

4th amendment-search and seizure

Federal Agents eavesdropped on a public phone booth used by Katz. Katz was then convicted under an 8 count indictment for illegal transmission of wagering info. from LA to Boston and Miami. Katz argued that the recordings could not be used against him as evidence, however, the Court of Appeals rejected his point, noting the absence of a physical intrusion into the phone booth itself. The Court granted certoiorai. The Court had to decide whether the 4th amendment protection against unreasonable searches and seizures require the police to obtain a warrant in order to wiretap a public pay phone. The Court held that was entitled to the 4th amendment protection for his conversations.

Terry v. Ohio

Argued-1967, Decided-1968

4th amendment-search and seizure

Terry and 2 men were watched by a plain clothed policeman in a "stick up." The officer stopped and frisked the 3 men, and found weapons on two of the men.

Terry was convicted of carrying a concealed weapon and sentenced to 3 years in jail. The Court had to decide whether the search and seizure of terry and the men violated the 4th amendment. In an 8-1 decision, the Court ruled the search reasonable under the 4th amendment, and that the weapons could be introduced into evidence against Terry. The Court found that the searches undertaken were limited in power and designed to protect the officer

New Jersey v. T.L.O.


4th and 14th amendment- search and seizure

T.L.O, 14-year-old girl, was found smoking in the girls bathroom at her high school. Her principal questioned her and searched her purse to find a bag of marijuana and other drugs. Did the search violate the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments? No. The Court ruled that the search did not...