Criminal Justice Trends

Essay by tammypope1University, Bachelor'sA, September 2014

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Criminal Justice Trends

Steve Pope

CJA 484

June 16, 2014

Shane Evans

Criminal Justice Trends

What are trends? Trends are fads that move gradual toward a common goal or result. Trends can be associated with music, weather, fashion, and professions. Trends are developed over time and ultimately produce a result. Like any other group, the criminal justice system is faced with trends within every component. What may be a popular idea one moment may change the next. This paper will evaluate past, present, and future trends of corrections within the criminal justice system. Also discussed will be the budgetary and managerial impact that future trends will likely have on all components associated with the criminal justice system.

Past Correction Trends

Correctional facilities, like any other profession continue to change and evolve. When evaluating past trends, one must begin analyzing the Colonial Period, the arrival of penitentiary systems, the development in the south and west, and the Reformatory Movement.

Other trends to follow included the rise of Progressive Reforms, the Medical Model, the Community Model, and The Crime Control Model. Each trend exercises its own unique ability by focusing on the development to ensure a positive result within the field of corrections. When discussing evolution and trends, one must understand the evolution of punishment as it pertains to corrections and correctional facilities.

The Colonial Period began in the 1600s and lasted until the 1790s. In the 1790s until the 1860's penitentiaries were introduced along with prisons in the south and west in the 1800s. The Reformatory Movement was a trend that lasted from the 1870s through the 1890s. The Progressive Period remained a trend from the 1890s until the 1930s followed by the Medical Model dated 1930s to the 1960s. The...