Overview and Analysis of the Crusades
The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians.
The crusades started around 1095. The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain control
of the Holy Land from the Muslims. The Holy Land was Jerusalem and the Christians believed that
gaining control of it was their fate. The pope would gather the people together and incite them. The
origin of the crusades was a result of the expanding Turks in the middle east. These Turkish forces
invaded Byzantium, a Christian empire. The crusaders were a militia, sent out to recover what they
thought was theirs.
The first crusade was essentially started by Pope Urban II. On November 27, 1095, he gathered his
followers outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. He preached to these people and told them
that action needed to be taken. In response, the people cheered and planned their attack. Urban II
brought together all of the bishops and urged them to talk to their friends and fellow villagers and to
encourage them to participate in the crusades. Small groups started to form and each group would
be self- directing. All the groups planned their own ways to the Constantinople, where they would
meet and regroup. They would attack the Turkish forces in Constantinople and hope to regain
control of the city.
The large Christian armies talked to Alexius I Comnenus, the Byzantium emperor, and agreed to
return any of his old land that was recaptured. The armies were skeptical of this demand but agreed
anyway. The first attack by the crusaders was on Anatolian, the Turkish capital. Meanwhile the
Byzantians were also trying to recapture Anatolian, and later that year, the city surrendered to the
Byzantians instead of the crusaders. The Byzantians were using the...
... the crusades including indulgences as well as land rights. The crusades were formally announced in 1095AD with Pope Urban II at the council of Clermont. The council urged Christians to aid Christians in ...
... of Clermont in southern France, 'Urban II challenged Christians to take up their weapons against the infidels and participate in a holy war and recapture the Holy Land' (Spielvogel,p344). Pope Urban II addressed the French telling ...
... of Clermont in southern France, 'Urban II challenged Christians to take up their weapons against the infidels and participate in a holy war and recapture the 'Holy Land' . Pope Urban II addressed the French telling ...
... in Clermont France, Pope Urban II delivered the heart rending speech that launched the First Crusade. He preached that the Turks were threatening the Eastern borders of Christendom and endangering Christians and ...
The History of Christianity New Zealand NCEA Level 1 R.E assement. "The Conversion of Constantine" "Henry VIII's Deceleration of Church of England" "The Crusades"
... asked Pope Urban II for assistance in fighting the Muslim Turks. The crusades involved Kings, nobles, knights, peasants, townspeople, merchants, priests and monks. The main two fighting groups were the Christians and ...
... infidels. Pope Urban II (1088 - 99) decreed that those who publicly or privately killed excommunicated people were not guilty of murder, and when he launched the First Crusade he ...
... 87 Taylor finds yet more reasons to praise manly Northern European Christianity, that is, Protestantism: it accords well with the social and ... nineteenth-century American Protestantism is Ray Allen Billington, The Protestant Crusade 1800-1860: A Study of the Origins of American Nativism ...
... became Christianized, this main church was divided into a Latin (Western European) and a Greek (Byzantine or Orthodox) branch. The Western church ...