Because Indigenous peoples all over the world are living on or near international borders, most of them have to deal with two or more governments, and most indigenous peoples also have to deal with neglect or abusive governments.
This paper will focus on several indigenous peoples and their survival with nature and current government politics.
The Dukha, are an ancient people of Turk descent who are first mentioned in the annals of China's Tang dynasty (Owen, 2004). A Mongolian group of people living in northern Khovsgol Aimag, their number totaling around 200, they are a small group of reindeer herders. They ride, breed, milk, and live off of reindeer (wikipedia, 2007).
These people have resided in northern Mongolia's Hovsgol province for thousands of years, they have herded reindeer for perhaps several thousand years. According to Plumley, D. "Ancient cultures apparently made the transition from hunting reindeer to domestication and a nomadic lifestyle moving their reindeer to new high mountain taiga and tundra pastures or grazing lands leading a primarily hunter-gatherer lifestyle".
Their story is similar to others that will be mentioned in this paper, this culture of people live very close to the border of Mongolia and Russia on the Mongolian side. Sometime in the winter of 2004, two Dukha hunters found tracks of an animal and followed them in the snow to the north. Unknown to the hunters, the animal crossed the unmarked international border into Russia. Russian border guards spotted the two men some miles later on Russian soil and arrested them. They were imprisoned for one month, until they were fined and released to their families.
The Dukha, face an uncertain future in their struggle for existence. They live in an area were their reindeer needs to feed for them to survive. The problem faced...