Essay by gereltuya August 2014

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Impact of various social systems on my development


Ecological systems theory developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner in 1979. It is an approach to explain the relationship between child's development and the social environment. It is divided into five different levels: (i) the microsystem, (ii) the mesosystem, (ii) the exosystem, (iv) the macrosystem and (v) the chronosystem. The first four levels are discussed in this essay.

As proposed by Bronfenbrenner, the first level (microsystem) is the closest system to a person and where a person can have a direct contact with. Suggested examples include home, work or school. The person is a part of this system and it is the most influential level in the Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. In my case, as a child of six years of age, the microsystem was be my home and my school. I am living and spending most of my time at home and it is a great part of my life.

I have a direct contact with my family members at home and teachers at school.

The next level is the mesosystem and it consists of different interactions between various parts of the microsystem. Examples for the mesosystem in my world would be my parents and teachers from school or my neighbours.

The exosystem is the third level in Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory. In this level, a person does not have a direct contact with any other members of his life and I do not actively participate in any process but I am still affected by it. When I was five years old, my parents had to travel overseas frequently for business trips. This situation had mostly a negative impact on me and I felt anxious and sad when my parents had to leave. Even though, I did not participate in my parents'...