The philosophies that Daoism is based on are considered, by the Chinese, to have been a part of their culture since about 2500 B.C.E. Lao Tzu is considered to be the father of Daoism, but the concepts that Daoism is based on were already around for many years. According to legend,Lao Tzu set out for the western border of China, toward what is now Tibet when he was 80 years old. He was saddened that men were unwilling to follow the path to natural goodness. At the border called Hank Pass, a guard, asked Lao Tsu to record his teachings before he left. He then composed in 5,000 characters the Dao De Jing, which is translated as "The Way and Its Power".
Daoism, or Taoism, is based on the concept of yin and yang. Yin an Yang are energy modes that are a part of every object in the universe.
These two forces are opposite but alwasy interracting with one another. Harmony is actually found in this interraction. They believe that there can be no light without dark, no love without hate, and so on. The word Dao is translated as meaning "the Way". Dao is thought of as the driving force behind the entire universe. Daoists believe that one should flow with the universe. The way to live by the Dao would be to act with simplicity and seek Nature. This will ultimately lead to becoming one with the Dao.
In ancient China, the Chinese emperor was responsible for following the Dao path. How he followed the Dao and performed his sacrifices determined China's well being. If he did not follow the Dao path, then China would experience calamity. Therefore, the people knew whether thier emporer was living right by how China was fairing. If drought, flood, earthquakes,