The Controversy on Eugenics in the American Culture
Heredity improvement by genetic control. Why would people want to control
heredity? What exactly is genetic control? These are some things that people have been
questioning for decades. Eugenics can not be ignored because it is suddenly coming up
everywhere. People are experimenting and taking huge risks not to their knowledge. At
one point in time it was said that eugenics could change the world for the better. That is
how some people could look at it, and others frightened that it would change the entire
universe. Early in the twentieth century science had to deal with the conditions that
improve the inborn qualities of a race. Eugenesists not only wanted to improve the
well-being of others, but enclose to fewer races and religions. This was all a part of the
American eugenics movement.
The eugenics movement advocated both positive and negative eugenics, which
referred to attempts to increase reproduction by fit stocks and to decrease reproduction by
those who were constitutionally unfit.
Positive eugenics included eugenic education and
tax preferences and other financial support for eugenically fit large families. Eugenical
segregation and usually, sterilization restrictive marriage laws, including
anti-miscegenation statutes, and restrictive immigration laws formed the three parts of the
negative eugenics program. From the beginning, the eugenics movement was a racialist
and elitist movement concerned with the control of classes seen to be socially inferior. In
proposing the term eugenics, Galton had written, "We greatly want a brief word to
express the science of improving the stock...to give the more suitable races or strains of
blood a better chance of prevailing speedily over the less suitable than they otherwise
would have had.
Modern eugenics was rooted in the social Darwinism of the late 19th century, with
all its metaphors...