Decision Making ModelCritical thinking is defined as "disciplined thinking governed by clear intellectual standards" (Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, and Wallace, 2002). Critical thinking is an important element of the decision making process. By using critical thinking, decision makers are able to make clear, intelligent, and researched decisions. The standards of good critical thinking depend of the use of clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, consistency, logical correctness, and fairness (Bassham, et al, 2002). Using these standards of critical thinking is beneficial because it helps people make the best decision possible. The use of the standards the decision maker understand the decision to be made, gather information needed for making the decision, and be able to communicate the decision clearly to an audience.
Rational decision making is a decision making model based on a four step process. The four steps are: identifying the problem, generating alternative solutions, selecting the best solution, and implementing and evaluation the chosen solution.
When using the rational decision making process, it is important to understand that an orderly and logical path is follow from problem identification to the solution. This model only works if certain elements are in place. The decision maker must be able to obtain the information needed, obtain knowledge about the cause and effects of the alternative solutions, and the decision maker must be able to generate a way to rationally and objectively judge the alternatives. This model is not perfect and does not work all the time, but if the circumstances are right, it can be an effective tool (Rational decision, 2000).
At Marable Dental Center the dental assistants are given the responsibility of making the decision on which types of x-rays patients would need before the doctor began examination. The assistants are also asked to give the doctor a generalized idea of the procedures...