In "The Epic of Gilgamesh," early society believed males were inessential to the preservation of life. "The Epic of Gilgamesh" shows how the inability of males to procreate causes a sense of despair and alienation.
In early society, females dominated over males because they were able to continue human life by giving birth. Procreation was considered the "essential" experience in early society. People thought of their creator as the divine mother. One symbol of birth that people considered significant in society was the snake. To them, this symbolized the power of having children. The snake sheds its skin only to grow new skin. In comparison to the female, the older female gives birth to the newer female. The snake was considered the biological understanding of females. Another symbol of birth for the people was earth. The earth is round, and was thought of as an image of the female body when she is about to give birth.
They compared the sun rising in the east with a female giving birth to a child. Society centered around females. They received such respect, that ancient laws were accustomed to them. Back in the day, males stood home with the children and took care of them, while females handled the system of society. People in the early days even made buildings round, to represent females when they were pregnant. Society also made statues in the image of females to show how they reigned supreme. The statues were made without faces, so they would not limit their perspectives, because the statues represented everyone in society. They also built them obese, to show the changes females went through when they were about to give birth.
"Gilgamesh" is a presentation of the despair and alienation males felt because they could not reproduce. When Gilgamesh's...