Socrates does not hate the leaders of Athens. He says to them in Plato's Apology "Men of Athens, I honor and love you". As far as valuing and accepting their laws, he does to a certain extent. After Socrates tells them he loves them, the philosopher goes on to say, "but I shall obey God rather than you". He does accept the authority as long as it does not go against his own belifs.
On the subject of whether I believe Socrates was a democrat, I found very hard to answer.
Socrates had completed the minimal requirments of being a democrat. He had served as a council member, and had been a senator. He says he could never remain in the public offic, but he did do his democratic duty. It was Plato, not Socrates that belived that a king should rule. Socrates believed that just because you are powerful and strong does not mean you have what it takes to run a city.
In the Ancient Greece handout he says, "the strong rarley figure out what is in their best intrest, and this can't be just, since justice is a good thing". So just like the democrats he believed a person should be taken in office for other reasons then power.
On the other hand Socrates believed what he was doing was much more important then holding office in government. And this is not what the democratic leaders of Athens felt. Socrates states that he had been a "gadfly" to the "great and noble" but "sluggish" Athens. He said the people had benifited from his questioning. He then goes on to say his "punishment" should be a free place to live and meals. The democratic party of Athens did not agree. They belived if you were...