Heartburn is the inflammation of the esophagus. It is also known as pyrosis. The major cause of heartburn is reflux. This is when the esophagus bottom edges are not tightly shut, and acid moves form the stomach up into the esophagus. Hiatus Hernia's also cause heartburn. This also occurs when the ends of the esophagus are not shut, and the stomach lining moves up the esophagus. There are many other causes of heartburn, some of which being: obesity, drinking hot or cold beverages, extensive alcohol usage, smoking, foods (acidic), certain types of medication, and types of syndromes (Zollinger, and Ellison). Posture also causes heartburn, for example, if after eating a large fairly acidic food, and lying straight back, the acid moves back from the stomach. Also, if you lean over while working, pressure builds in the organs, pushing the acids upwards.
Heartburn is often very uncomfortable for the individual who has it.
There are not many symptoms, but the ones most commonly found are, a burning sensation in the chest and upper abdomen, sore throat, and when the mouth sometimes fills with a liquid called water brash.
Heartburn has many affects on the body, but I will focus now on the effect on the digestive system. Heartburn causes ulcers, which eat through the mucous layer of the organs in the digestive tract by means of enzymes and acids. It also causes an irritable bowel through syndromes. Stinosis is also caused by heartburn. This is when the esophagus passage narrows.
Heartburn is treated by taking He blackens, for example Axid and Pepsid. Proton Pump Inhibitors (Lozac), is the most powerful treatment of heartburn. Sulcrates are used to coat the lining of the stomach against ulcers. Antacids, like Rolaids, are used, as are Calcium Channel Blackens. To cure the problems...