Disciples in the New Testament, are any followers of Jesus' teaching. The word meaning "pupil" or "follower." Discipleship is common among the ancient Jews, a style of teaching and learning in which a Rabbi would attract disciples who would then study his teachings through lengthy discussion, memorization, and so on. In contrast, Jesus called his disciples to a personal, lasting relationship of love with God, and Jesus then sent his followers out to share in his mission of proclaiming the kingdom.
The kingdom which Jesus mentions is the Kingdom of God which is Jesus' description of the rule, or reign, of God over the hearts of people. The Kingdom is an ideal future but also a present reality that is communal in nature and implies a new relationship between God and people and among
people themselves. It therefore connotes the development of a new social order based on unconditional love.
(The disciples are found in the following scriptures: Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, and Luke 6:13-16. The twelve disciples are: Andrew, Simon Peter, Bartholomew, James, John, Judas Iscariot, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, Simon, James, and Paul.)
Simon Peter was the first of the twelve apostles. Peter was a fisherman by trade. We knew he lived in Capernaum and that he was married. First and second Peter are the only books of the New Testament that scholars are fairly certain Peter wrote. Peter was brought to Christ by his brother Andrew. Peter's personality was impulsive and self- assured. He is often found in a leadership role. Peter demonstrates the faith when he preaches to the crowd on the day of Pentecost. He was the first apostle to perform a miracle after Pentecost. While in Rome, Peter was imprisoned and then crucified. The traditional interpretation, that the Lord's threefold question demanding a threefold profession...