NAME KATSANDE FAITH RUTENDO
REG NUMBER R124734F
COURDSE CODE ARC 2020
LECTURER DR KATSAMUDANGA
QUESTION DISCUSS THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
OF EARLY FARMING COMMUNITIES OF
SOUTHERN AFRICA.DO YOU THINK
THAT THESE ECONOMIC PRACTICES
WERE INTRODUCED AS A PACKAGE?
The first appearance of agro pastoral communities is seen in the Early Farming Communities (EFC). The societies of this period practiced mixed farming were they reared animals and grew crops, they are considered to be ancestors of the Bantu communities. The agro pastoralists have been identified on the basis of pottery remains, domesticated animals, there is evidence of metal processing and use of iron. All these are the economic activities of the EFC and their evidence can be explained by the diffusion and migration theory that is through movement of people or interaction respectively.
Early farming communities were basically at the peasant mode of production, or what (Hall 1987) has defined as the primitive communist mode of production.
The regional picture shows these as communities who grew crops and owned herds of domestic stock although cattle were comparatively few, Pwiti (1996:149). They practiced hunting and gathering and were possible, utilized marine and river line resources. The economic package was operationalised by the use of iron tools, hoes for agriculture, arrows and spears for hunting and fishing hooks Pwiti (1996:149). This is the subsistence economic package which persisted in most parts of Southern Africa.
The EFC and its technology were carried throughout Africa by the Bantu speaking people and their migrations. Bantu people travelled from the north and central parts of Africa, their language mixed with the language of groups they met along the way, which is why so many people are Bantu speaking. They taught other groups agriculture which helped develop communities. Farming began when people started domesticating animals and plants instead of...