September 24, 2014
The textbook identifies the most familiar agencies of socialization to be family, schools, socializing agencies in the community, religion, the peer group, and the mass media (Kornblum, 2005, pg. 112). Family is considered the most essential agency of socialization. When one is born, who are the first people seen? There is the mother, father, or whoever the guardians at the moment are. A family then raises one according to the rules they believe to be the best in constructing an effective member of society. For the first years of one's life, family is all that is known. The social standing and ideals of the family are the main factors that will shape one's identity. Once an identity has been filled, a person is ready to then meet new people and socialize more.
Secondly, there is the peer group. Once an identity has been established, a person goes out and finds a group of peers.
Now as a young citizen, it is time to go to a place that will develop one's mind frame and learn different things. Encouragement from peers to ratify traditional gender role behaviors has been found to be an even stronger reinforce than adult reinforcement for young children (Katz & Walsh, 1991). Examples of this are children playing games, such as girls chasing the boys, as well as activities such as boys snapping the bras of the girls (Thorne, 1993).
In school, suddenly, one is exposed to critical strangeness, now presented to a stricter time schedule, extensive mental effort, and greater social diversity. The school greatly determines how you use your developing perception - full of new ideas, questions, and fluctuating attitudes - for the remainder of one's years. The only catch is that school teaches what it...