Domestic Violence Intervention for Women Visiting Accident & Emergency Departments in UK
The emergency department can be said to be the portal of entry for battered women (Olson, Anctil, Fullerton, Brillman, Arbuckle & Sklar, 19-96; Koziol-McLain & Campbell, 20-101). In the UK, it is estimated that 17-25% of all emergency visits resulted from domestic violence and 37% of injuries were as a result of domestic violence (Rudman & Davey, 20-100; Ellis, 19-99). Further data in the UK estimated that 18% to 25% of women attending emergency departments and 23% of women attending their antenatal checks were victims of domestic violence (Fanslow, Norton & Spinola, 19-98). The annual estimated numbers of injuries related to abuse of women attending emergency departments between 0.7 and 1.4 million (Muelleman, Lenaghan & Pakieser, 19-98; Glass, Dearwater & Campbell, 20-01). Three other studies reported that about 2.2% to 3.1% of female trauma patients visiting emergency departments were victims of domestic violence (Abbott, Johnson, Koziol-McLain & Lowenstein, 1995; Dearwater et al.,19-98).
In UK, Mackay and Lo (19-85) postulated that there would be at least one case of domestic violence per day in an emergency department serving a population of 300,000. In 1997-1998, a total of 1200 women visited emergency departments in UK due to domestic violence (Kam, 19-99). In 1992, a prevalence study was carried out in an urban emergency department in Australia by random time sampling; 30% of female and 15% of male patients had reported domestic violence in their lifetimes (Roberts, O'Toole, Raphael, Lawrence & Ashby, 19-96). Between 1992-1993, two prevalence studies in Australia demonstrated that 1 in 5 women who visited emergency departments were victims of domestic violence during their lifetimes and 1 in 50 women was a current victim (Roberts, O'Toole, Lawrence & Raphael, 19-93).Of the few studies pertaining to battered women...