Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Contributions to African American History Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a minister, philosophist, and civil-rights movement leader. Dr. King believed that all men were equal and that the South should intergrate itself.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, at his family home in Atlanta, Georgia. King was an eloquent Baptist Minister and leader of the civil rights movement in America from the mid 1950?s until his assassination in 1968. King promoted nonviolent means to achieve civil rights reform and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his efforts. As a pastor of a Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King led a Black boycott. He and ninety others were arrested and indicted under the provisions of a law making it illegal to conspire to obstruct the operation of a business. The ultimate success of the Montgomery boycott made Dr.
King a national hero, and gained Dr. King a national reputation. In Dr. King?s 1963 ?Letter from Birmingham Jail?, it inspired a growing national civil rights movement. In Birmingham, the goal was to completely end the system of segregation in every aspect of life and in job discrimination. Also in 1963, King led a massive march on Washington, D.C., where he gave his now famous ?I Have A Dream? speech. King?s tactics of active nonviolence had put civil rights squarely on the national agenda(Carson).
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. married Coretta Scott, daughter of Obadiah and Bernice Scott of Marion, Alabama. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. King: Yolunda Denise, Martin Luther III, Dexter Scott, and Bernice Albertine(Carson).
After he became a civil rights leader and a Nobel Peace Prize winning advocate of nonviolent struggle, in the ?quiet recesses? of his heart,