Drugs in Sports

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Overconformity in Sports

"A three-time AL Most Valuable Player, Rodriguez blamed himself and his $252 million contract he signed with the Rangers in 2001 for his decision to use PEDs" ("ESPN" ) - sounds as a loud headline, doesn't it?

Alex Rodriguez, well-known as A-Rod, met head-on allegations that drug tests showed the had used steroids six years ago. ESPN informs he had been using performance-enhancing drugs for three years while playing for Texas Rangers.

"And if you're a fan of Major League Baseball, I think it tarnishes an entire era, to some degree," Obama said. "And it's unfortunate, because I think there were a lot of ballplayers who played it straight" ("ESPN" ). Thus, unpleasant truth has come out.

Alex Rodriguez got into a list of 104 players whose tests appeared to be positive for banned substances in 2003.

That year Major League Baseball conducted survey tests to check whether random drug-tests were needed in this sport.

Rodriguez was shown positive for testosterone and Primobolan which is an anabolic steroid. Steroids are being used to increase muscle mass and strength. They help athletes to recover quickly from a hard workout by reducing the muscle damage that occurs during the session. This enables athletes to work out harder and avoid overtraining. Some athletes may enjoy the aggressive feelings they get when they take the drugs in advance (Mayo Clinic). Thus, drugs satisfy both men's, sadly to admit, often short-received needs: being strong and allow some aggression.

A-Rod's ex-wife, Cynthia, confirmed Alex's words that he did not know exactly which substance or substances he had taken. Then, in 2003, there were no penalties for a positive result.

Alex Rodriguez confessed in doping in his interview with Peter Gammons on Feb.