Early adulthood is a period of great adjustment in one's life. It is a time where young adults are confronted with new challenges. With the attainment of adulthood, young adults are to be capable of supporting themselves in various ways. This essay will discuss the important challenges that would have an effect on one's life. First, I will discuss mate selection then, I will explore parenthood and then addressing which is the more significant one.
Mate selection can be the most challenging period of life for a young adult. It is a complex process, because there are several issues to be considered when choosing a partner. According to Buss (1985,cited in Seal, 1997:75), people usually choose a mate who is very similar to themselves. However, the fact that 40% of all first marriage result in a divorce (Seal 1997:76) shows clearly that the challenge of mate selection can influence one's like in a very major way.
As Seal asserts that when choosing a mate, we will most likely prefer someone who is parallel to us in almost every aspect. The most significant elements are usually age, education, race and religion, followed by attitudes and personalities. Every individual has different expectations of their partners. Some may favour physical attractions such as a well-built body whilst some might prefer inner qualities. Just as men and women agree on what matters in choosing a mate, a mutual concern for each other is necessary for making a relationship work ( Seal 1997:76 ). Once a person has selected a mate, there is the possibility that he or she may want to have children and this leads to yet another challenge for the young adult - parenthood.
Parenthood is a further challenge which most young adults have to face. Indeed, "There is no...