Early Civilization Travis Beal History has shown us that no two civilizations are the same. The Hebrew society and the Mesopotamian society were two completely different societies. They did have some common ground between them though. If you take the book of Job from the Hebrews and the Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature you can find some common points between them. You can also find several major differences.
Both books are talking about mans misfortune and how to please their Gods. In the book of Job God makes a deal with Satan to test Jobs faith. So Satan takes away everything and makes Jobs life miserable. When Jobs faith is proved God gives back everything. In the Mesopotamian book of Wisdom a man is trying to figure out why his life was falling apart because he thought he had done everything his god had wanted him to do. In this, we find a major difference between the two cultures.
In the Hebrew book God was testing Job to make sure he wasn't just a fair weather worshiper, and when he proved himself God gave him everything back. In the Mesopotamian book the man couldn't please his god, because he didn't know what the god wanted. He felt his god was punishing him because he had offended his god. When he had reached the end of his life his god never came back to forgive him.
There are several common themes in both books that give the impression that both cultures pondered the same problems. In the book of Job God finally appears to Job and says that he Job didn't need to know why God let him suffer because he is God and his reasons are above mere mortals. While the man in the Mesopotamian book was pondering his problems, he couldn't...