Early Roots of Policing

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Early Roots of Policing

Mandy Arriet

University of Phoenix

Survey of Justice and Security

CJA 500

Arnold Wicker, Sr

April 02, 2010

Early Roots of 1

Early Roots of Policing

As many police agencies have taken a recent interest in community policing within the communities, many people are unaware that many of the concepts used by agencies in today's society have been used for over a hundred years. When Sir Robert Peel created the Metropolitan Police when he served as Home Secretary of England in 1829, he established "The Nine Principles of Policing." These principles are based on Peels belief that "the police are the people and the people are the police" (Larrabee, 2010, ¶ 1). According to Larrabee, peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lived of citizens. The nine principles are based on the goals of preventing crimes, community approval, and community policing.

This paper will discuss the nine principles that Peel created to help support the belief that people are the police, when he started the Metropolitan Police and how each of the concepts applies to policing in today's society.

The first principle was, "the basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder." When Sir Robert Peel established the police, they were known as "bobbies." These officers patrolled the streets by walking; the areas in which the officers patrolled were called "beats." Today officers still patrol areas still called beats; however, with technologies such as phones, cars and two-way radios officers now have bigger areas to patrol and a more rapid response time to the calls in which are received. Today, officers also have different types of transportation such as horses, which are used in large crowds, bicycles that are...