Ecuador was part of the Incan empire at the time of the Spanish conquest in the 1530s. The Last Inca king was Atahualpa. Atahualpa was then conquered by the Spaniards and Ecuador was then ruled by the Spanish.
Directly after the liberation of 1822 Ecuador was a province of the new republic of Gran Columbia, of which Simon Bolivar was president. After this republic fell Ecuador became an independent republic. During most of the 19th century, it was dominated by many different dictators. One of these was Garcia Moreno, who dominated national politics from 1860-1875 and attempted to create a theocratic regime. Eloy Alfero led the liberal revolution in 1895, which carried out anticlerical reforms and stressed economic expansion. Alfero was assassinated but the liberals remained powerful until 1944.
During the 20th century, commercial agriculture has expanded along the coast and political power has increased in that part of the country.
The nature of national politics has not changed much however. Military regimes have tended to alternate with civilian governments chosen by an election limited to the literate. There were 14 presidents between 1931 and 1940. But then Maria Velasco Ibarre maintained some stability in the government from 1940 to 1950.
Through all these political changes the social and economic systems have changed little. In the Adean valleys and plateaus, large landowners continuo to maintain control in national politics. In 1979 the ruling junta allowed a political election. This was the first to happen in 11 years. Now under a new constitution a civilian government was elected. Ecuador is now a republic government. But all of the leaders to proceed were set with hard times from foreign debt and the damage from the 1987 earthquake.
Land, Location, and Climate Report:
Ecuador is a tropical and beautiful place.