Work groups are the basic building blocks of an organization. Groups contribute to organizational effectiveness when group goals are aligned with organizational goals. In most organizations today formal groups may consist of employees who are responsible for an identifiable work process, a specific project, or a problem that need solving, often called a "team". Teams can be short-term goal oriented such as those created to accomplish a project or long-term such as those ongoing teams designed to create evolving work processes. Effective teams have the potential to dramatically affect an organization's performance and productivity and, "evidence suggests that teams typically outperform individuals when the tasks being done require multiple skills, judgment, and experience" (Robbins, 2005, pp.272).
In recent years, teams have emerged as the most important group phenomenon in organizations. The term "team" however, is not new to organizations, and teamwork has been stressed for many years. Today, teams are becoming increasingly popular due to the overlap of roles, responsibilities and, goals.
Moreover, many organizations have successfully used teams to accomplish multi-faceted projects. Thereby improving and enhancing performance. Whether teams are short-term or long-term, their design and value continue to be an important area of discussion in many organizations.
The goal for Luxurion Autos is to create a line of cars which will compete with BMW, Mercedes, and Lexus all upscale markets. The best team to achieve this goal is a "Cross Functional Team". Cross Functional Teams are "made up of employees from about the same hierarchical level, but from different work areas, who come together to accomplish a task" (Robbins, 2005, pp.275). Furthermore, they can be disbanded with little separation affect once the task is accomplished.
The first phase is to select the right people. This does not just mean that they are...