Effects on local Infrastructure from Renovation of the MT Block (Minor Question)The renovation of this building will affect the local business, road, transport and the environment. These facts must be taken in consideration when renovation takes place.
The MT Block is on Lichfield Street and Berry Street in the town centre of Wolverhampton.
Local businesses and roadsAs you can see on (fig 1) I have highlighted the location of the MT Block.
The main access of the building is on Lichfield Street. The local businesses are post office, theater, pubs, university and bus station. Using my High way notes this road is classified as category 4 roads under the Highway Act 1980. On the back entrance there are some private owned small businesses. Berry Street is a one way road, this is also indicated as category (4) roads. These businesses and transport links can be affected at restoration times. Many busses use Lighfield Street during the day; therefore I have decided not to block this road off.
The delivery of materials and goods will go through the back entrance of the building. The temporary site offices will also be on Berry Street.
The most work of the renovation will be done inside of the building.
This road will be blocked at restoration times and the businesses can be compensated for there lost of earnings.
The siteTo ensure safety for the workers and the public, the site must be secured and only authorized personnel are allowed in. Everyone working on site should be aware of site policy. Minimum amount of materials should be stored on site. Construction sites Sign are also very important.
Environmental concernsThe building work will have an impact on the environment. (Refer to environmental impact assessment) These issues must be controlled to ensure a safe working environment.
ÃÂNoiseÃÂDust pollutionÃÂWaste of building materialsÃÂSite maintenanceNoise from construction can be very disturbed. Construction noise sources include pneumatic hammers, air compressors, bulldozers, loaders, and dump trucks. Improperly insulated walls. The working hours can not be late as this will disturb the local businesses such ass the TheaterA protective membrane will be used around the area of works to prevent any dust and debris affecting the public and surrounding buildings.
Waste managementThe 1995 Environmental Act defines waste as ÃÂany substance or object which the holder discards or intends to discardÃÂ The Act also sets out different categories of waste to which the definition of waste materials applies (Environmental Act 1995)We will have various forms of waste management. Firstly the use of skips which hold different materials such as plastic, metals, wood and general waste. These will be taken away and replaced fortnightly or whenever necessary by an industrial waste management company such as ÃÂWeir WasteÃÂ. The majority of regulation concern ÃÂ Controlled WastesÃÂ which are household, industrial and commercial waste. Controlled wastes are covered by the Control of pollution Act 1974, the environmental Protection Act 1990, the controlled Waste Regulation 1992 and the Environmental Protection Act 1995Paul, T Williams (1996) Waste Treatment and DisposalStructural Evaluation (Existing building)Failure analysis and prevention are important functions to all of the engineering disciplines. The materials often play a lead role in the analysis of failures, whether a component or product fails in service or if failure occurs in manufacturing or during production processing. Structural evaluations means evaluating the condition of existing structures and prepare plans and specifications for rehabilitation or repair. The evaluation of the building can create some modification for the proposals of the building surveyor. In most cases these are of a structural nature or will have structural implications. In other words the impact on the buildingÃÂs loading bearing parts. This means that they may entail increasing, decreasing or redirecting loads through the affected elements. Such changes can result on distortion or cracking if not adequately accounted for the design.
The building is one of the listed buildings in the city of Wolverhampton and was build more then a centaury ago. Before I can do my structural evaluation I have to research about what this building was design for.
There are a variety of reasons for undertaking structural evaluationÃÂDefects in design,ÃÂDeterioration, damage caused by fireÃÂChange of useÃÂEvaluating serviceability for future useI have looked into the local history of listed building to find the information below.
(fig 2) Listed: 1895. Northern Renaissance style.
Once the head post office, with a large and impressive hall inside. Continued in use for postal services for many years after the unfortunate 1960s steel frame head post office was opened next door. Eventually sold and refurbished as offices and teaching rooms and let to the University, who still use it, mainly for parts of the School of Health Sciences.
Listed building consentAny property that is listed under the Planning(Listed Building and Conservation Areas)Act 1990 requires listed building consent. This covers any proposed work that would affect the character of such building internally as well as externally. This act was covered in James, Dought (2002) Building AdaptationCause of structural failuresÃÂOverstress from additional long-term dead loads, such as multiple layers of roofing material, is one of the primary causes of structural failure.
ÃÂThe addition of dead loads, not included in the original design, such as air conditioning or mechanical equipment, suspended ceilings & light fixtures, fire sprinkler systems, etc.
ÃÂImperfections in glue-lam beam fabrication, defects in timber, glue failures between laminations, and joint failuresÃÂExposure to chemicals, extreme heat and moistureÃÂLumber fatigue due to ageÃÂSeismic loadsÃÂImproperly installed mechanical equipmentÃÂOversights in original designReferences and BibliographyPaul, T Williams (1996) Waste Treatment and Disposal: waste management Chichester: Wiley,James, Dought (2002) Building Adaptation: Structural limitation. Oxford : Butterworth-Heinemann,Cause of structural failures (2006) Sps construction. [online] [cited18th March 2006] Local history of listed buildings (2006) [online] [sited 25th March 2006]High wayAct (2006)Highway Design and Construction.Category of roadsHigh way noteshttp://www.gdrc.org/uem/eia/impactassess.htmlhttp://www.gdrc.org/uem/eia/impactassess.htmlhttp://www.ecn.ac.uk/Education/factors_affecting_climate.htm