Running Head: THE EFFECTS OF PHONOLOGICAL WORDS ON FALSE RECALL
The Effects of Phonological and Semantic Words on False Recognition
The effects of phonological words verses semantic words, on false recognition was examined. Subjects were presented with words that sounded alike, for the phonological word list; or were closely related, for the semantic word list; along with non-studied distracter words, allowing false recognition to be studied. Subjects were more likely to remember the study item, then the critical item. Although during the remember or know judgments, as list length increased, subjects were more likely to say that they knew they saw a critical item then a study item. Subjects were more apt to remember seeing study items than critical items. Interpretations and explanations of the results are also discussed
There has been a large amount of research conducted that investigates many aspects of false recall. False recall is when someone remembers something that never really happened, or the person may remember being presented with a certain word in a word list, and when they are asked to recall the list, they insert the falsely recalled word.
Researchers often give subjects a list of words and then ask them to recall the words. Often what is tested is the ability of subjects to recall the critical item from a group of words that researchers presented to them. This would show how people often have a false memory in everyday activities such as recalling events, like an accident. People may add details that they don't really know. Roediger & McDermott (1995) developed a paradigm that Deese (1959) created. It they called it the DRM paradigm, named after the researchers Deese, Roediger and McDermott. The paradigm studies false recall and false recognition. Subjects study a list of 15 words...