Essay by JROCC17Junior High, 9th gradeB, November 2014

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Pharaohs Of Egypt

-30-31 dynasties in Egypt

-There are 332 known pharaohs but there are some gaps where there could be more

-Menes was the first pharaoh

-Cleopatra was the last pharaoh

-Many of the pharaohs were high priests

-Pharaohs were also the commander in chief in the army and led troops into battle

-Pharaohs were considered incarnation of the God Horus (son of Osiris) and after the 5th dynasty they were considered to be the sun of Ra (sun God)

-Pharoah led campains to collect taxes from citizens who did not pay

-Menes united upper and lower Egypt

-Menes named the capital Memphis meaning the uniting of two lands

-All Egyptian tombs were raided and robbed except King Tutankhamen

-Pharaohs lived with 25+ cats (thought to be Goddess Bast)

- Ramses was longest serving pharaoah at 67 years

Women of Ancient Egypt

-There are believed to be seven pharaohs that were women

-Merneith was buried with all the first dynasty pharaohs

-Ankhesenpepi II possibly ruled during the 6th dynasty

-Pictures of Ankhesenpepi wearing a Uraeus

-Nitocris was the last pharaoh of the 6th dynasty and marked the end of the old kingdom

-She was believed to have paid to have her brother killed so she would be pharaoh

-Nitocrisis later commited suicide

-Sobeknefru rued during the 12th dynasty for 3 or 4 years

-Believed to wear male clothes to gain respect

-Hatsheput ruled during the 18th dynasty

-Twosret ruled during the 19th dynasty after Seti II's son (her husband) had a deformed leg and became ill.

-Ruled for 6 years and was slowly phased out by a chancellor named Bay

-Cleopatra ruled during the Ptolemaic Dynasty

-She was Greek

-Tried to find a balance between independence and co-operation with Rome


-Queen for more than 20 years

-Wife to...