Einstein Albert Einstein was a German-born American physicist and Nobel prize winner, he was best known as the creator of a special and general theory of relativity and for his major hypothesis concerning the nature of light. He is one of the world's most well known scientists in the 1900.
Einstein was born in Ulf on March 14, 1879, and spent his young life in Munich, where his family owned a small shop that sold electric machinery. He didn't talk until the age of three, but even as a child he showed a curiosity about nature and the ability to understand difficult mathematical concepts. When he was of 12 he taught himself Euclidean geometry.
Einstein hated the dull unimaginative spirit of school in Munich. When business failure led the family to leave Germany for Milan, Italy, Einstein, who was then 15 years old, used the opportunity to get away from the school.
He stayed a year with his parents in Milan and when it came clear that he would have to make his own life in the world. He finished middle school in Aarau, Switzerland, and entered the SFIT in ZÃÂ¼rich. Einstein did not agree with the methods of instruction here. He often cut classes to study physics on his own or to play his violin. He passed his exams and graduated in 1900 by studying the notes of a classmate. His professors did not think greatly of him and didn't recommend him for a university position.
For two years Einstein worked as a tutor and sub teacher. In 1902 he got a position as an examiner in the Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1903 he married Mileva Maric, who had been his classmate at the polytechnic. They had two sons but eventually divorced. Einstein later remarried.
In 1905 Einstein received a doctorate from the University of Zurich for a hypothesis thesis on the dimensions of molecules, and he also made available three theoretical papers of central meaning to the development of 20th-century physics. In the first of these papers, on Browainian motion, he made important predictions about the motion of particles that are aimlessly distributed in a fluid. These predictions were later set by experiment.
Einstein's third major paper in 1905 On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, contained what became known as the special theory of relativity. This is one of the major reasons why he is a smart thinker. Since the time of the English mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton a natural philosopher had been trying to understand the nature of matter and radiation, and how they interacted in some integrated world picture. The position that mechanical laws are basic has become known as the mechanical worldview, and the position that electrical laws are primary has become known as the electromagnetic worldview. Neither approach, however, is capable of providing a steady explanation for the way radiation, light, and matter interact when viewed from different frames of reference that is an interaction viewed all together by an observer at rest and an observer moving at uniform speed.
REFERENCE Student Hand Book 2000 & Science Hand Book 2002 World Book 2000 Article Einstein Science hand book article e=mc2 Encarta 98 for Microsoft Windows 98' Subject E=mc2