The Empires of Asia
Empires of Asia
Section 1: Muslim Empires
- The Ottoman Empire lasted from about 1300 to 1922. The Ottomans were named after Osman I, a Turkish chieftain who founded a state in Anatolia, now Turkey, in the late 1200's.
- The Ottomans claimed to be the champions of Sunni Islam. In 1453, Sultan Mehmet II conquered Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
- The city, now called Istanbul, became the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
- By 1600, the Ottoman Empire formed a crescent around the Mediterranean extending from Hungary in eastern Europe through Palestine and Egypt to Algeria in North Africa. Under the reign of Sultan Suleyman I in the 1500's, the Muslim world achieved its greatest level of unity since the time of the Abbasids.
- Under the Ottomans, many cultures maintained their identities within Muslim society.
- The Ottoman sultans were Turkish, but the generals, admirals, and administrators of the Ottoman Empire came from throughout the Mediterranean world. Many Ottoman aristocrats were skilled in the arts, languages, and literature, and they set the standard for culture in the Muslim world.
- Many Ottoman officials came from Christian families. Each year, recruiting teams collected boys from eastern Europe.
- The youths were taken to Istanbul, converted to Islam, and educated. Legally, they became slaves of the sultan and were supposed to be loyal only to him.
- The most physically active boys became "Men of the Sword" and served in the Janissary Corps, a special division of infantry that formed the core of the Ottoman army.
- The more scholarly students became "Men of the Pen" and served in administrative posts, from which they could rise to the rank of grand vizier, the highest Ottoman official after the sultan.
- Mughal Empire, also called the Mogul Empire,
Asian History essays:
17th Century China: An Influential and Powerful Empire This essay was to be one that compared two major empires from the 17th-18th century and how significant they were to the west and the world.
... The Ottoman Empire was one that experienced much success after conquering Constantinople, Belgrade, Hungary, and parts of the Byzantine Empire. Relationships began to form between the Ottoman Empire and ...
... the Muslim world and some through Spain through the channels of Byzantine trade. But as these go on, Islam population ... central Asia who had recently become muslims, had swept into Anatolia in Asia minor(now turkey) and had seized these lands from Christian empire of ...
... of World War I, with the Ottoman Empire crumbling ... to get their reforms passed (Haj, 29-30). The next section focuses on economic policies that the British used to change Iraqi society. The first major problem in the British mandate was the ...
... doubt that Gandhi never accepted the argument that Hindus and Muslims constituted two separate elements in Indian society. These were some of the concerns most prominent in Gandhi ...
The Muslim-Christian conflict of the present is rooted from the black propaganda that Spain created against the Moors during their occupation in Philippines.
... of Islam is given overemphasis, and is often linked to his religion. Given the present discriminations, it is no wonder that sectors in Muslim society are ... of years the creation of the Philippine Republic. These governments were the Sultanate of Sulu, which was founded approximately in 1450, and the ...
... appreciating Islam as the normative element of culture and civilization. This may also be the situation in which non-Muslim societies find ... territorial scope from the existing four provinces (Lanao del Sur, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi) to a number that would ...
... that an independent India would be dominated by Hindus. During World War II, the Muslim League gave support to the British and in return the ... succeeded beyond measure in establishing military dominance and a political empire for Britain in India. By the middle of the seventeenth ...
What were the First Three Mughals Benefiting Indian-Sub Continent With Art, Architecture, And Battle Tactics? Teacher said well written but too long.
... Muslim Empire in India." Islamic-World.Net - Official Website of Khalifah Institute. 05 Mar. 2009 . "Rajput ... Delhi Sultanate, the powerful northern India rulers, Ibrahim Lodi (Ganeri 19). The Sultanates were Afghani chieftains. Although ...