It signifies that the employees, administrative or teams of all the levels of the organization have the power to take decisions without requiring the authorization of their superiors. The idea in which is based the Empowerment is that who are found directly related to a task are the most indicated to take a decision about it, because they haver the attitudes required for it. Actually, the idea of the Empowerment is situated in the proposals on suggestions, enrichment of functions and participation of the employees.
Not only the delegation but also the Empowerment are question of degree. Both of them imply that employees and teams accept the responsibility of its actions and tasks. Conceptually, it can be illustrated in the following way:
* The power should be the same as the responsibility (P = R)
* If the power is greater that the responsibility (P> R), the result could be an autocratic conduct on the part of the superior, who will not be hold responsible by its actions.
* If the responsibility is greater that the power (R> P), the result could be the frustration of the subordinate, since they do not have enough power to perform the tasks they are responsible for.
Some reasons of the interest of the Empowerment are the global competitiveness, the need to respond quickly to the demands and expectations of the clients and the demand of greater autonomy to a labor force better prepared. The empowerment of the subordinate. Thus, a style of leadership, autocratic, when is used as the only form of administration, turns out to be inadequate for the organizations of the century XXI. The employees desire to be taken into account and to participate in the decisions, what at the same time produces in them a feeling of ownership, execution and...