Empowerment: Theoretical Background and Applications
In transitioning from traditional hierarchical management structure to a
more open, democratic and participative approach, a key issue many
organizations face is empowering their employees. Empowerment is defined
for purposes of this paper as the ability of employees to " . . . use more
judgment and discretion in their work and to participate more fully in
decisions affecting their working lives." (Potterfield, 1999, p. 2). This
paper includes an analysis of the theoretical background of empowerment and
why it is important to the teams-building process, a brief discussion of
empowerment procedures (including a guideline for devising an Empowerment
Measure), and a discussion of possible problems that would arise in the
process. Finally, there will be a critique of some of the empowerment
Empowerment: Theoretical Background And Application
The face of the contemporary workplace is drastically changing. More and
more companies are realizing the value of more "flat", democratic
organizational structure over the traditional autocratic, hierarchical
management styles. Teams-based or participative organizations are now
becoming the norm, instead of many layers of middle management making all
the decisions effecting their subordinate workers. As companies grapple
with these changes, a crucial step is employee empowerment. Specifically,
how capable are the workers within this new teams-based organization of
functioning without the supervision of middle management? How reliable and
dependable can their decisions be as they take a more active role in the
development of the organization? The notion of empowerment seeks to answer
these questions. According to Potterfield (1999), and for purposes of this
paper, empowerment will be best defined as a way of bestowing upon
employees "the power to use more judgment and discretion in their work and
to participate more fully in decisions affecting their working lives." (p.
2). If organizations are to have the full participation and...
The new managerial thoughts and organisational approaches like empowerment, delegation decentralisation and self-managed teams has ensued the changes as compared to the traditional approach.
... self-managed team, when compared to typical hierarchical management, will ... the problem therefore in a better shoe to make good decision. However, in some divisional structure organisation in China or Chinese family businesses, much of the ...
Fallacy Summary and Application MGT 350 - Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision-Making July 16, 2005
... is no supporting evidence for the conclusion can lead to poor decision- making. Decisions-based on lack of facts will impact productivity and profitability of any organization. Although common in organizations today, begging the question may be challenging to identify. The ...
... sound decision-making in organizational management. Research shows an individual's character is often molded by the day-to-day work he or she does, his or her background, and ...
... an organization desired by their employees. (Webb, Capt. B., p.1) Employee participation in creating a new organizational structure can ...
Critical analysis of different Human Resource Management Models and Biggest Challenges faced by Managers in managing people today
... in organizations (Truss, 1997, 1999; Heery, 1997; Gooderham et al 1999; Kane & Crawford, 1999 and Morris, 2002). Among the models proposed, the soft and hard HRM orientations are the most acceptable and the theme of theoretical structures and ...
... the measures of reducing the risks, I believe, along with the development of economy, the functions of the human resource management will bring important variety, especially regarding human capital investment as the core and making the decision to ...
... traditionally structured organization, control and management takes place at the upper levels of the organization. This ... is a process of establishing performance standards based on the organizations objectives, measuring and reporting the actual performance, comparing the reports, and taking ...
... . All of these processes require in depth critical thinking in order to validate the argument and come to a valid conclusion. During the decision-making process, accurate judgment is required to identify and define a problem. The steps involved in the ...