Webster's dictionary defines geography as "a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface". In history, geography plays an essential factor in development and changing the course of history.
India is a land of lofty mountains and mighty rivers. Extensive are its plains and no less wide are its plateaus. A vast land with such varied relief is inhabited by about 950 million people. The country consists of three main physical divisions. They are the Great Mountains of the North, the Great Plains of Northern India and the Great Plateau of Peninsular India. The southern plateau is flanked by the narrow coastal strips which are a part and parcel of the peninsular land mass.
Located between the Indus and the Brahmaputra rivers are mountains known as the Himalayas, meaning the 'abode of snow'. The eastern section of these mountains in Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim is known as the Eastern Himalayan.
These mountains aided in cultural diversity in India. At the time which culture was developing, humans were settling in many different places. Areas they believed met their needs. As a result people settle on the mountains, between the mountains, behind them, in front and to the sides. In return many different cultures developed withi different languages, religions, and way of life.
Another geographic factor could be identified as the Indus River Valley. The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. It was not discovered until the 1920's. Most of its ruins, including major cities, remain to be excavated. Its script has not been deciphered. Basic questions about the people who created this highly complex culture are unanswered.
The Harappans used the same...