THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
The Scientific Revolution, which occurred during the time of 1449 to 1704, was an intellectual movement concerning the theories about humanity's place in the universe and methods for determining them as well. It appealed primarily to the middle and upper classes in the urban areas of Renaissance cities. The Revolution occurred in the areas of science such as astronomy, mathematics, and physics; and it also led to changes in medieval universities, and maritime exploration. Many scientists and philosophers contributed their own small portion to the Scientific Revolution.
Scientist & Philosophers
Aristotle, although he was way before the time of the Revolution (384-322 B.C.), is considered a great part of it. He was a Greek philosopher who developed early forms of experimentation and observation. He practically inquired everything about the human experience and sought an explanation of the universe. He saw Earth as the center of the universe and tried many experiments to prove his theory.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) was a Polish clergyman and astronomer. He was the first contributor during the Renaissance that developed theories. He theorized that the sun was at the center of the universe and that Earth, planets, and stars revolved around a motionless sun. He had other scientist prove his idea with mathematics and physics.
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) also theorized and accumulated data about stellar and planetary motions. He argued that the stars and planets revolved around the sun, but that the sun revolved around Earth. He was semi correct and semi wrong on his theories.
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) was Brahe's assistant. Kepler was a member of a minor German noble family and trained for the Lutheran ministry. He used mathematics to demonstrate the validity of Copernicus' heliocentric system. He was also the developer of the three laws of planetary motion, which were:...