During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy in the United States. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma which for many individuals face; hence, the atmosphere for this debate is both an emotional and violent one. There are many points of view toward abortion; the main two distinctive ones being "pro-choice" and "pro-life".
A pro-choicer would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is the mothers and the mothers alone, and that the state has no right to interfere. A pro-lifer would argue that from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is the same as murder.
About 40 percent of Americans believe that abortion should remain legal and 40 percent believe it should be banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the mother, or if the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest.
15 percent believe it should be illegal in all cases.
In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to abort than those with incomes above twenty-five thousand. Unmarried women are four to five times more likely to abort than married and the abortion rate has doubled for 18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate dropped 6 percent overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped 18 percent. The rate among minority teens rose from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.
The Pro choice Argument
Others feel that abortion is a women's own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion...