Ethics Final Exam W. D. Ross was born in 1877 and died in 1971. He was a philosopher, an editor for the oxford translation of the work of Aristotle. So he was a very well know man and smart. He had many views and ideas on things. The word Utilitarianism means that rightness or wrongness of actions must be judged solely by their contribution to the greatest happiness of the greatest number. Ross had other things to say, and views about Utilitarianism.
W. D. Ross said pleasure is not the only thing that we recognize as being intrinsically good in utilitarianism. We recognize other things; the possession of a good character, and an intelligent understanding of the world also have intrinsic value. So what he meant by saying that is the meaning that everyone else uses for utilitarianism. He says that the moral theory says that the ideal utilitarianism is an action that is right.
If and only if the net amount of intrinsic value it brings into the world is at least as great as that any other possible action in the situation would bring into the world. He then said that a moral theory should fit are moral convictions of thoughtful and well-educated people. A moral theory should fit the facts even if this means that the theory becomes less simple Ross says.
ÃÂÃÂ· W. D. Ross came up with his own elements of a moral theory. He says that the main thing is prima facie it is the most part of his moral theory. What he means by prima facie is that it is a characteristic, which an act has, virtue of being of a certain kind, of being an act, which would be a duty proper if it were not all the same time, another...