ÃÂÃÂ· While Rome disintegrated, the Christian church survived and grew ÃÂÃÂ· Christianity "ÃÂ Syncretic faith, absorbing and adapting many of the religious ideas of the Eastern Mediterranean.
o From Judaism came the concept of monotheism o From Orphism came the belief that the body was the prison of the soul o Hellenistic thought derived the notion of superiority of spirit over matter ÃÂÃÂ· Legalization of Christianity by Constantine in 312 ÃÂÃÂ· Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the empire in 380 ÃÂÃÂ· With the empire in decay, educated people joined and worked for the church instead.
ÃÂÃÂ· Belief in the church was the one institution able to provide leadership.
ÃÂÃÂ· Christian bishops established See's in urban centers, as the base of their operations.
ÃÂÃÂ· Christian missionaries preach Gospels to the Germanic peoples.
ÃÂÃÂ· Prestige of Rome enhanced by courage and leadership of Roman bishops.
o Pope Leo I met the advancing army of Attila the Hun in 452, saving Rome.
ÃÂÃÂ· Mediterranean Sea served as highway over which Christianity further spread.
ÃÂÃÂ· Christianity spread to the Irish.
ÃÂÃÂ· Monasticism begins in third century; individuals and small groups withdrew from cities, to seek God through prayers, in caves, deserts and mountain regions. (Monks) ÃÂÃÂ· Monasteries formed by monks - provided a model of Christian living, a pattern of agricultural development, and a place for education and learning.
ÃÂÃÂ· Apologists: Defenders of Christianity ÃÂÃÂ· Law Code of Justinian ÃÂÃÂ· Similarity between Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
ÃÂÃÂ· Christian missionaries preached the Gospels to Germanic peoples ÃÂÃÂ· Strong Christian faith built in Latin west.