When we think of a western family, the standard nuclear family comes to mind, working father, stay-at-home mom and a flock of children. This is no longer the case, in the past 50 years the family has changed significantly and continues to change. These changes are greatly due to the equalization of women's rights and the massive expansion of available communications technology.
Modern families are much smaller than they were in the past. Both of my parents came from very large families and their parents before them, but when we get to my generation suddenly the big families are gone, one, two and three child families are the norm. There are still large families around, but especially in the city they are oddities. I know why my grandparents were in large families was the fact that they had family farms and they needed more people to help work on it, since the huge farming machines were not yet around.
When my grandparents married I guess having a big family carried over because they had lots of kids as well, even though there was no more farm to work on, but having a huge family didn't carry over to my parents. Both of my grandmas were homemakers and my grandma on my mother's side never even got her driver's license, my grandfather drove her everywhere.
In many families nowadays both parents work and when the children are young are put into daycare services that just were not around in the past. It is now worthwhile for both parents to work since many companies provide the aforementioned daycare for free. Women also have greatly increased earning potential since they are just as educated and will now make the same amount of money as men for doing the same job. Women are hired...