Act three scene one, is a scene the effects of which form the bases for the rest of the play. It's when things start to transform for Romeo and Juliet and things start to get worse, putting a strain on their relationship and their families. The scene is very dramatic in terms of what happens in the scene but also that effect that the proceedings have on the remainder of the play. The scene starts with Benvolio and Mercutio talking about Tybalt and the effects of the inevitable fight if they meet. Tybalt arrives and he and Mercutio begin to fight. The fight results in Mercutio's death and Romeo wanting revenge, begins to fight Tybalt, again resulting in a death this time Tybalt is slain. Romeo runs under Benvolio's guidance. The Prince, after an argument with both families', decrees that Romeo is banished and must be killed if he ever enters Verona again.
Tybalt insults Romeo again: "Boy," and uses the party as an excuse to fight: "Turn and draw." Romeo's dilemma causes him a great deal of discomfort during this scene. He does not want to fight Tybalt, Romeo's dialogue shows this: "And so, good Capulet, which name I tender as dearly as mine own, be satisfied." Romeo tries to sweet-talk Tybalt to diffuse the situation; whilst at the same time insinuates the fact that he loves a Capulet, the irony of the matter is that Romeo is referring to Juliet. This also is linked with Juliet's speech on the balcony, as regards to their names not stopping their love.
"What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other word would smell as sweet." (Act 2, Scene 2).
She refers to the fact that a rose would smell as sweet whatever word we use...