Aim: To conduct reactions between various metals and oxygen,water,dilute water and dilute alkali to make decisions about their reactivity.
* 5 Small pieces of each of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, zinc and aluminium
* 35mL dilute (1 mol/L) hydrochloric acid (HCl)
* 10ml conc (8 mol/L) hydrochloric acid (HCl)
* 35ml dilute (1 mol/L) Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)
* 10 ml dilute (1 mol/L) sulfuric acid (H2SO4)
* 14 test tubes
* test tube rack
* test tube holder
Part A: Reaction With Oxygen
Caution: Steps 1 and 2 are best done as a teacher demonstration
1. Place a piece of calcium on a gauze mat on a tripod and direct a hot bunsen flame onto it. Observe And Record Results
Warning: Magnesium burns with a bright light so do not look directly at burning magnesium
2. Using Metal Tongs hold a clean piece of magnesium ribbon in a Bunsen flame until it ignites
3. Clean pieces of iron, copper, aluminium and zinc with sandpaper. Repeat step 2 with each of these. Not any changes in appearance
Part B: Reaction With Water
1. Clean a small piece of each of the metals listed using sandpaper, except calcium which can be used without cleaning
2. Place each piece in a separate test tube and add about 5mL of distilled water to each. Observe and record any change.
3. If Reaction occurs collect the gas by inverting another test tube over the one in which the reaction I occurring. Test the hydrogen by placing a lit taper near the mouth of the test tube. A 'pop' shows hydrogen is present.
4. If, after a couple of minutes, no reaction occurs heat the test tube in a quiet Bunsen...