To what extent was Mahatma Gandhi the reason the British Empire gave up imperial control?

Essay by viennachanJunior High, 7th grade June 2014

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To what extent was Mahatma Gandhi the reason the British Empire gave up imperial control?

On 15th August 1947, India finally escaped away from the rule of the British. Mahatma Gandhi, 1869-1948, was the leader of Indian Nationalism in British-ruled India. Before Gandhi was born, British started ruling India at 1858. They took control of the cotton industry and traded it as their own and used violence to control the 500 million Indians. When Gandhi was about 45 years old, he started to protest as the leader of discontented Indians while employing nonviolent civil disobedience. Although the British Empire gave up imperial control after a series of events that were not related to Mahatma Gandhi, he was still the main reason why the British granted India independence.

After Gandhi had gained a lot of people's support, he and many brave Indian made a lot of protesting events. As the cotton industry was very important to the British then, Gandhi had the idea of being independent on the cotton industry and controlling their economy.

"If people relearned how to spin cotton into thread," Gandhi reasoned, "They would not have to export it and the art of spinning and weaving in India would be revived." Then Gandhi's followers, urged on by the Mahatma, casted their British-milled clothes into bonfires.

The British started to show action too. On 10th March, 1922, Gandhi was arrested and charged with three counts of sedition. Before then, on 5 February 1922, in the town of Chauri Chaura some soldiers got into a fight with the police and soon the police shot their guns into the air. People possibly got angry and the mob set fire to the station. At last 22 policemen died. This was the pretext of arresting Gandhi without obvious offend to him...