"Our country has deliberately undertaken a great social and economic
experiment, noble in motive and far-reaching in purpose. It must be worked out constructively."
President-elect Herbert Hoover (1928)
"The Eighteenth Article of Amendment to the Constitution? is hereby
Twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution of the United States(1933)
The Prohibition, despite its good intentions, was wholly impractical. Rather than create a "dry America", a moral environment free of liquor, the ban on alcohol led to illegal bars, or "speakeasies", where drinking became even more mod, a new fad for the emerging youth with their looser morals, as well as promoted gangs, who saw the new demand as an avenue of income and entrepreneurialship. At one point at his height, before being arrested in 1931 for tax evasion, Chicago gangster Al Capone was reputed to make more than 100$ million a year. From the Prohibition Party, to the making of the Eighteenth Amendment, right to the lifting of the amendment in 1933, the Prohibition did not achieve its goals.
Instead, it added to the problems it was intended to solve.
Up to the Middle of the 19th century there'd been two kinds of temperance groups- those who favoured total abstinence from alcohol, who thought the right way, the only safe way, was to sign the pledge and never drink again. Others felt it was enough to be temperate in the generic use of the word- that is, moderate, not drinking in excess. Gradually, temperance came to be in common usage, synonymous with total abstinence. Throughout the churches, particularly the Baptist and the Methodist, it was taken for granted that they stood for total abstinence. But then they found that a man might sign the dry pledge, and his friends would urge him to take a drink and he would weaken...